Australian Walking Clinic

PLANTAR_FASCIITIS.JPGPlantar Fasciitis

What is it?

Plantar Fasciitis is an injury causing heel pain and pain along the arch of the foot. The plantar fascia is a thick fibrous band of tissue in the bottom of the foot, which runs from the heel to the base of the toes. When placed under too much stress, the plantar fascia stretches too far and frays, or tears, resulting in inflammation of the fascia and the surrounding tissues. The tears are soon covered with scar tissue, which is less flexible than the fascia and only aggravates the problem.

What are the symptoms?

Typically symptoms are worst first thing in the morning or with activity after a period of rest and may include: pain at the base of the heel, pain at the origin of the arch when weight is put on the foot, pain at the arch if standing on tip toes, tenderness and swelling under the heel, numbness along the outside of the sole of the foot.

What causes it?

It is caused by stress, tension and pulling on the plantar fascia due to muscular imbalance (typically inflexible calf muscles and weakness of the foot supporting muscles). Also, poor mechanical structure (either excessively flat or too high arched) of the foot placing more stress onto the plantar fascia can cause this injury. Over activity may also lead to plantar fasciitis.

How can it be treated?

The treatment involves rest and icing to alleviate inflammation.

Seek professional assistance from our podiatrist for:

  • Strapping to control and prevent further straining to the fascial structure.
  • Stretching, strengthening and massage to address muscular imbalance.
  • Assessment & control of abnormalities in leg and foot structure.

WARNING : This information is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace professional podiatric advice. Treatment will vary between individuals depending upon your diagnosis and presenting complaint. An accurate diagnosis can only be made following personal consultation with a Podiatrist.